Every family member deserves the best health care.
As always, prevention is the way to go. Vaccinate your cats and kittens whether or not they go outside. Spay and neuter so that we don’t have feral, unvaccinated cats roaming our neighborhoods putting our pets, and those of our neighbors, at risk.
Additional Savings Upon Completion of Kitty Care Package:
REVOLUTION 12pk SPECIAL (purchase of 9 doses you get 3 free)
FREE NAIL TRIM
10% OFF SPAY/NEUTER SURGERY (recommended at 4-6 months of age)
Examination During a physical examination, we perform a "nose-to-tail" examination of your pet. We examine your pet's nose, eyes, ears, check your pet's teeth and oral cavity, listen to your pet's heart and lungs, carefully examine the skin and coat, look for any unusual lumps or swelling, palpate the abdomen and muscles and perform an orthopedic evaluation of the bones, joints and back.
FVRCP A series of four FVRCP injections (three weeks apart) is given to kittens. The vaccine series is usually started at six to eight weeks of age. It is then given as an annual booster for the remainder of the cat's life. There are three preventive agents in the FVRCP vaccine. The following is an explanation of each of those agents.
FVR Stands For Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Rhinotracheitis is a severe upper respiratory infection caused by a feline type 1, herpes-virus. It is most severe in young kittens and older cats, and is one of the most serious upper respiratory diseases seen in the feline species. The virus is airborne and very contagious in susceptible animals.
Cats with this infection are lethargic, and show signs of respiratory involvement with much sneezing and coughing. There is usually a discharge from the nostrils and the eyes, and a high temperature may be present. Some cats develop pneumonia and occasionally ulcerations in the eyes. Infested cats do not want to eat or drink because the nostrils are plugged and the throat is sore. Dehydration and weight loss are common.
The disease is debilitating and chronic. Many cats require hospitalization, intravenous fluids and intensive care to help them get over the infection. Antibiotics are given to treat secondary bacterial infections. Some cats suffer permanent damage to the eyes and the respiratory system. Fortunately, the vaccine is an effective preventive agent.
C Stands For Calicivirus Infection There are several strains of caliciviruses that affect the cat. They can cause a range of diseases, from a mild almost asymptomatic infection, to life-threatening pneumonia. Most cases show only evidence of problems in the mouth, nasal passages and the conjunctiva (mucus membranes) of the eyes.
Early signs are loss of appetite, elevated temperature and lethargy. Later, sneezing, oral ulcers and discharge from the eyes are seen. The course of the disease in uncomplicated cases is short, and recovery may be expected in seven to ten days. Some of the more virulent strains can cause severe symptoms. They may cause rapid death in young kittens and older cats.
The disease is transmitted by direct contact with an infected cat or object (bowl, cage, brush, blanket, etc.) that harbors the virus. The virus can survive eight to ten days in the environment. Carrier cats can pass the virus into the environment for up to one year.
P Stands For Panleukopenia Panleukopenia (also known as feline distemper and infectious feline enteritis) is a highly contagious disease characterized by a short course and high mortality rate. The disease is caused by a parvovirus similar to the parvovirus seen in dogs. It is very resistant and may remain infectious in the environment for up to a year.
The disease is most severe in young kittens, but can affect cats of all ages. The first symptom is loss of appetite, followed by vomiting and diarrhea. A blood count usually shows a lowered number of white blood cells, a fact which helps in diagnosing the infection.
Infected cats usually must be hospitalized with intensive treatment such as intravenous fluids, antibiotic and supportive care. Mortality rate may reach 90% in young kittens under six months, and may approach 50% in older animals. The vaccine is very effective in preventing the disease.
Feline Pneumonitis This disease is not nearly as dangerous as FVR or Calicivirus, but it does cause a disturbing upper respiratory infection, especially in cats that are housed together with a lot of other cats. Pneumonitis is not caused by a virus but by a chlamydial organism (something between a bacterium and a virus). It's transmitted through respiratory tract secretions - sneezing, for example.
There are many intestinal parasites that kittens can catch from their environment or from their mother. These parasites are very common in kittens and some of them can infect humans. Routine deworming kills roundworms and hookworms. Other common parasites include giardia, coccidia and tapeworms, and can only be treated when diagnosed on a fecal examination.
A fecal examination is the microscopic evaluation of feces. The test is indicated for pets with diarrhea, straining, lack of appetite or vomiting. Annual fecal examinations are recommended on all animals as part of a yearly health exam. Fecal examinations are also recommended on all puppies and kittens.
Revolution Revolution is a topically-applied medication that provides all-around protection from parasites for your dog or cat. Revolution kills adult fleas, prevents flea eggs from hatching, prevents heartworm disease, and treats and controls both ear mites and roundworms. After applying Revolution, it enters your pet's bloodstream and redistributes itself from the blood to the skin and other tissues, where it provides protection against parasites.
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is contagious among cats. Unlike many other viruses that enter specific cells in the body and destroy them, FeLV enters certain cells in a cat’s body and changes the cells’ genetic characteristics. This permits FeLV to continue reproducing within the cat each time infected cells divide. This allows FeLV to become dormant (inactive) in some cats, making disease transmission and prognosis (outlook) difficult to predict.
Like FeLV, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is also contagious among cats, and a cat can be infected with FIV for many years without showing any clinical signs of illness. Although FIV is not contagious to humans, FIV has some similarities to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and has been used to help researchers better understand HIV.
Kittens or cats being introduced into the home should be tested for FeLV and FIV, especially if they are ill. Kittens whose mothers were infected with FIV may test positive when they are very young but test negative later as the antibodies they received while nursing from their mother wear off. Some veterinarians, therefore, recommend retesting young kittens when they are older (for example, at 6 months of age) to verify whether they are still positive. With FeLV infection, some kittens may test positive at first but test negative later if their immune system has been able to eliminate the infection. Similarly, some cats may be FeLV-negative at one point and test positive later as the virus progresses through various stages in the body. Because infection with FeLV or FIV can be complex, your veterinarian may recommend re-testing at some point.
Many cats can live reasonably normal lives with FeLV or FIV infection, so if your cat tests positive, do not despair! This result does not necessarily mean that your cat will soon become sick and die. As long as precautions are taken to protect cats from wounds, parasites, and other infections that can make them sick and shorten their life span, some cats can live for many years with FeLV or FIV infection. If your cat tests positive, ask your veterinarian what precautions you should take to protect your cat.
Feline Leukemia Feline leukemia, or FeLV for short, is a virus that devastates the immune system of cats. Kitties infected with this heartbreaking illness often get sick from simple bacteria, viruses and fungi in their usual environment. Feline leukemia affects the blood system and often leads to various types of cancers. It it a highly communicable disease, but cats can transmit only the virus to one another, not to other species or humans. Infected felines get other kitties sick by such means as sharing the litter box, eating from the same dish or biting.
Once a veterinarian confirms a negative blood test reading, a series of feline leukemia vaccines and boosters will be given. Starting at 8 to 10 weeks of age, your kitten should get her first feline leukemia vaccine. After the initial vaccine, she'll need a booster three to four weeks later, says Dr. Debra Primovic, a veterinarian and managing editor for PetPlace.com. One year after the second booster, Fifi will need one more booster shot. From that point, she'll need an annual feline leukemia vaccination.